Mostrando entradas con la etiqueta Oral health in pregnancy. Mostrar todas las entradas
Mostrando entradas con la etiqueta Oral health in pregnancy. Mostrar todas las entradas


ORAL HEALTH : What type of dental work is safe to do during pregnancy?

Oral Health

In between trips to the doctor, hospital tours and setting up the nursery, don’t let visiting the dentist fall off your pregnancy to-do list before your baby comes.

Getting a checkup during pregnancy is safe and important for your dental health.

Not only can you take care of cleanings and procedures like cavity fillings before your baby is born, but your dentist can help you with any pregnancy-related dental symptoms you might be experiencing.

Even if you only think you might be pregnant, let your dental office know.

Tell them how far along you are when you make your appointment. Also let your dentist know about the medications you are taking or if you have received any special advice from your physician.

Read Also: PERIODONTICS : Gingivitis in Children and Adolescents

If your pregnancy is high-risk or if you have certain medical conditions, your dentist and your physician may recommend that some treatments be postponed.

Although many women make it nine months with no dental discomfort, pregnancy can make some conditions worse – or create new ones. Regular checkups and good dental health habits can help keep you and your baby healthy.

Youtube / Southeast Family Dental


Can one go for dental X rays during pregnancy?

Many pregnant women avoid the dentist, fearing their baby could be put at risk.

But experts say untreated decay can be more harmful.

With cravings for treat foods and morning sickness potentially increasing acidity in the mouth, pregnant women can have a higher risk of tooth decay.

Leaving dental problems untreated isn’t just bad for your teeth; it can cause complications in pregnancy.

And while some believe X-rays and anaesthetics are dangerous for those expecting, studies show that’s not the case if used appropriately and with the right precautions.

Read Also: DENTAL RADIOLOGY : Radiographic Techniques for the Pediatric Patient

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Image : Authority Dental


Dental Considerations In Pregnancy

Oral Health

Pregnancy is a dynamic physiological state which is evidenced by several transient changes.

These can develop as various physical signs and symptoms that can affect the patients health, perceptions and interactions with others in the environment.

The patients may not always understand the relevance of the adaptations of their bodies to the health of their foetuses.

A gestational woman requires various levels of support throughout this time, such as medical monitoring or intervention, preventive care and physical and emotional assistance.

The dental management of pregnant patients requires special attention.

Read Also: ORTHODONTICS : Serial extraction of primary teeth

Youtube / MDS Entrance Lectures by Sai Naveen Kumar Pilli


Can poor ORAL HYGIENE affect your newborn's health ?

Oral Hygiene

Bacteria from a mother's mouth can be transmitted through the blood and amniotic fluid in the womb to her unborn child.

This could contribute to the risk of a premature delivery, a low birth-weight baby, premature onset of contractions, or infection of the newborn child.

This evidence could have an important implication for women and babies' heath since simple improvement of dental hygiene may help to reduce the incidence of unknown complications in pregnancy and newborn babies.

But you aren't doomed to have dental problems when you're pregnant.

Keeping your mouth healthy before and during your pregnancy will improve your chances of having a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby. And if you have a healthy mouth, it's more likely that your baby will as well.

Read Also: ORAL HEALTH : How Can Dental Health Affect Pregnancy?

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ORAL HEALTH and Pregnancy

Oral Health

Taking care of your teeth and gums is very important when you are pregnant.

During pregnancy, your hormones change; this can affect your oral health and your risk of gum and bone disease.

Keeping your teeth and mouth healthy can decrease your risk of having a pre-term delivery or a low birth-weight baby.

Schedule a checkup in your first trimester to have your teeth cleaned and your oral health checked.

Diet choices
To keep your teeth strong and healthy during pregnancy, follow Canada's Food Guide for healthy diet choices. Make sure the food you eat includes enough:

a. calcium
b. vitamin A
c. vitamin C
d. vitamin D
e. protein, and
f. phosphorous

During pregnancy, you have different nutrient needs. Make sure to take a daily multivitamin that has 0.4 milligrams (mg) of folic acid and 16 to 20 mg of iron.

Read Also: What Is Baby Bottle Tooth Decay?

Include calcium in your diet
Calcium is an important part of your diet. Your growing baby needs it for strong bones and teeth. If your diet is low in calcium, your body will take it from your own bones and teeth for your baby.

Make sure to eat enough foods high in calcium, like dairy products, and take a calcium supplement if necessary. That way, both you and your baby will have enough of this mineral without putting your bones and teeth at risk.

Choose healthy snacks
You can eat healthy snacks in-between meals to meet your daily nutritional needs. Just try to avoid soft, sweet and sticky snacks that are high in carbohydrates and sugar.

Some ideas for healthy snacks are found in Pregnancy and Healthy Eating. Remember to clean your teeth after eating to prevent cavities.

Health risks
If you have good oral health, you can prevent a number of risks to you and your baby. Pregnant mothers with poor oral health have a risk of:

delivering a pre-term baby
delivering a baby with a low birth weight
having pre-eclampsia (pregnancy hypertension)

Babies who are pre-term or have low birth weight have a higher risk of:

developmental complications
ear infections
birth abnormalities
behavioural difficulties
infant death

If you have any questions about your oral health, schedule an appointment with your oral health professional in your first trimester.

Bleeding gums
Your hormones change during pregnancy, and this can affect your gums. They may be more sensitive and they might bleed easily.

Pregnancy gingivitis
Anytime between the third and ninth month of pregnancy, you may experience "pregnancy gingivitis." Pregnancy gingivitis is when your gums are swollen, red or irritated from bacteria along the gum line. Your gums are sensitive because your estrogen and progesterone hormones have increased.

Make sure to brush your teeth at least twice a day with a soft toothbrush using fluoride toothpaste. Gently clean your teeth at the gum line, where gum disease starts. Don't forget to floss!

Visit your oral health care provider for checkups during pregnancy, because sometimes gingivitis can turn into periodontitis. Most of the time, gum problems will disappear after childbirth. If they continue, contact your oral health professional.

Morning sickness and oral health
If you vomit from morning sickness, take care to rinse your mouth with water or a fluoride mouth wash. Stomach acid left on the teeth can damage your teeth and cause them to decay. After rinsing your mouth, wait for at least 30 minutes before brushing your teeth.

Visit your oral health professional
Schedule a checkup in your first trimester to have your teeth cleaned and your oral health checked. If you need dental work, like cavity fillings, the best time to have it done is between the fourth and sixth month of your pregnancy (the second trimester).

It is a good idea to avoid X-rays while you are pregnant. X-rays of your mouth should only be taken in an emergency. If you need an X-ray, make sure you are covered with a lead apron to protect your baby from radiation.

Pregnancy & fertility Canada


Management of Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis in A Pregnant Patient – A Rare Case Report


Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is characterized by necrosis and sloughing of gingival tissues and presents with pain, spontaneous bleeding, necrosis of the interdental papillae and halitosis.

Various predisposing factors responsible for NUG are psychological stress, immune deficiency, hormonal imbalance, malnutrition, poor oral hygiene, smoking etc.

The disease if not treated on further progression can lead to necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis and noma.

This rare case report is first of its kind, describes the diagnosis and management of a pregnant patient in her third trimester (eighth month) who presented with the complaint of severe pain in gums with the characteristic signs and symptoms suggestive of NUG.

Patient was treated in a sequential manner which included debridement, dental prophylaxis along with antibiotic and antimicrobial regimen.

Read Also: ORTHODONTIC : Diagnosing Early Interceptive Orthodontic Problems – Part 1

NUG causes severe agony to an otherwise normal patient, however in a pregnant patient the signs and symptoms are even more severe and the management poses a challenge to the clinician. In this case a successful management of NUG in a pregnant patient is reported.

Introduction : Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is an endogenous, polymicrobial infection of gingiva which begins as an ulceration of the tip of interdental papilla, spreads along the gingival margins, and if left untreated rapidly progresses to cause severe destruction of the periodontium.


° Dr.Shine S Kanjiraparambil / Dr.Pooja Jain / Dr.Prakhar Agrawal / Dr. Pranav Kumar Thakur
° JOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS)


Are dental procedures safe during pregnancy?

Oral Health

Is dental anaesthesia safe during pregnancy? What dental procedures are allowed while pregnant?

DURING PREGNANCY, SEVERAL ORAL HEALTH ISSUES ARE COMMON: Hormonal changes during pregnancy can make your gums more vulnerable to plaque, leading to inflammation and bleeding. This is also called pregnancy gingivitis or gum disease.

You may find that your gums bleed easily, especially when you brush your teeth. This is most commonly seen between the second and eighth months of pregnancy.

Pregnancy also increases the risk for developing periodontitis (gum infection) due to the increase in estrogen and progesterone.

Periodontitis is a more severe form of gingivitis, involving destruction of the supporting bone structure surrounding the teeth. This may result in your teeth becoming shaky.

Read Also: ORTHODONTIC : Diagnosing Early Interceptive Orthodontic Problems – Part 1

If left untreated, you may even lose the affected teeth. In fact, according to studies, periodontitis is linked to preterm labour and low birth weight.

Dental caries may also occur due to changes in diet such as increased snacking, increased acidity in the mouth due to vomiting, dry mouth or poor oral hygiene stemming from nausea and vomiting.