Mostrando entradas con la etiqueta Dental Prevention. Mostrar todas las entradas
Mostrando entradas con la etiqueta Dental Prevention. Mostrar todas las entradas


PREVENTION : Why are Fluoride Treatments Important for Kids?


Fluoride is a mineral compound containing fluorine, a naturally occurring element.

It helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid and plaque and strengthens the enamel by replacing nutrients.

While small amounts of fluoride are found in many toothpastes, rinses and city water sources, the fluoride treatments used in our dental office are much more concentrated.

Studies have shown that children who receive regular fluoride treatments, once every 6 months, may have up to 40% fewer cavities than those who do not.

Fluoride treatment is easy and affordable. Dr. Kailes recommends topical fluoride varnish treatments for all children every 6 months.

Read Also: Fluoride varnish in primary dentition positively affects caries prevention

Fluoride varnish is much easier and more enjoyable than traditional fluoride rinses, foams and trays; and does not require any waiting to eat or drink afterwards.

After teeth are cleaned, the assistant will quickly paint the varnish on the teeth. When it comes in contact with the tooth, it spreads across the entire tooth surface and is absorbed over the next 24 hours.

Youtube / GrowingHealthySmiles


Fluoride Varnish in the Prevention of Dental Caries in Children and Adolescents

Fluoride Varnish

First developed and marketed in the 1960s in the form of sodium fluoride (Duraphat, Colgate, New York, N.Y.) and in the 1970s in the form of silane fluoride (Fluor Protector, Ivoclar Vivadent, Lichtenstein, Germany), fluoride varnishes prolong contact between fluoride and enamel.

The effectiveness, ease of application and relative safety of these products offer significant advantages over other topical fluoride treatments, such as gels and rinses.

Several reviews of the use of fluoride therapies in preventing dental caries have been published since the year 2000, including 2 evidence-based reports.

The Cochrane reviews of this topic concluded that “Fluoride varnishes applied professionally two to four times a year would substantially reduce tooth decay in children.

Read Also: TOOTH DECAY: How to prevent baby bottle tooth decay

The review of trials found that fluoride varnish can substantially reduce tooth decay in both milk teeth and permanent teeth. However, more rigorous research is needed to be sure of how big a difference the treatment makes, and to study acceptability and adverse effects.”

The Community Dental Health Services Research Unit of the University of Toronto18 concluded that “Both APF [acidulated phosphate fluoride] gel and fluoride varnish are efficacious and can be recommended.

Amir Azarpazhooh / Patricia A. Main


How to Apply: Clinpro Sealant


Brushing and flossing are the best ways to help prevent cavities, but it’s not always easy to clean every nook and cranny of your teeth – especially those back teeth you use to chew (called molars).

Molars are rough, uneven and a favorite place for leftover food and cavity-causing bacteria to hide.

Still, there’s another safety net to help keep those teeth clean.

It’s called a sealant, and it is a thin, protective coating (made from plastic or other dental materials) that adheres to the chewing surface of your back teeth.

Read Also: Dental Considerations In Pregnancy

They’re no substitute for brushing and flossing, but they can keep cavities from forming and may even stop early stages of decay from becoming a full-blown cavity.

Youtube / 3M Oral Care


PREVENTION : Dental Sealants Procedure


A dental sealant is a thin plastic coating (clear or white) that's bonded into the pits and grooves of a tooth. (Dentists formally refer to them as "pit and fissure" sealants.)

They're most frequently placed on the chewing surface of teeth (where most of a tooth's grooves lie).

But they can also extend onto their cheek or tongue sides too (either as a continuous or separate piece) depending on what additional pits and fissures are found there.

Sealants help to protect teeth from the formation of tooth decay. Sealants are considered a preventive measure, not a corrective one (like placing a filling).

The most predictable sealants are those that are placed before any sign of a cavity has had a chance to form.

For this reason, once a tooth has been identified as a candidate, it's a good idea to have it sealed as soon as is reasonably convenient.

Read Also: PERIODONTICS : Gingivitis in Children and Adolescents

Even if vague signs of cavity formation have started to appear ("incipient" decay), a dentist may determine that it's still acceptable that a sealant can be placed.

This simply needs to be determined on a case-by-case basis.

Youtube / Hygiene Edge

PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY : White spots on enamel : treatment

spots enamel

The presence of clinically detectable, localized areas of enamel demineralization, observed as white spot lesions of different opacity, is a sign that the caries process has begun.

Dental caries results in the dissolution of apatite crystals and the loss of calcium, phosphate and other ions, which eventually leads to demineralization of the tooth substrate.

The subsurface porosity caused by demineralization gives the lesion a milky appearance that can be found on the smooth surfaces of teeth.

White spot lesions are not only the result of demineralization, however, as fluorosis, hypomineralization/hypomaturation and hypoplasia can also cause lesions.

Dental professionals are charged with performing a differential diagnosis to determine the etiology of white spot lesions, as well as providing appropriate treatment and esthetic management that will meet patients’ expectations.

Read Also: Dental Considerations In Pregnancy

While fluoride remains an important factor in the prevention and management of dental caries, widespread exposure from different sources has increased the risk of fluorosis in communities, regardless of whether or not the community uses a fluoridated water supply.

Youtube / Anthony Atlan


PREVENTION : Use of Fluorides in Caries Prevention


Fluorides are found naturally throughout the world.

They are present to some extent in all food and water so that all humans ingest some fluoride on a daily basis.

In addition, fluorides are used by communities as a public health measure to adjust the concentration of fluoride in drinking water to an optimum level (water fluoridation); by individuals in the form of toothpastes, rinses, lozenges, chewable tablets, drops; and by the dental profession in the professional application of gels, foams and varnishes.

The availability of fluorides from a variety of sources must be taken into account before embarking on a specific course of fluoride delivery to either populations or individual patients.

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This is particularly important for children under the age of six, where exposure to more fluoride than is required to simply prevent dental caries can cause dental fluorosis.

Provided that the total daily intake of fluoride is carefully monitored, fluoride is considered to be a most important health measure in maintaining oral health.

Youtube / Dr Teeth


Can one go for dental X rays during pregnancy?

Many pregnant women avoid the dentist, fearing their baby could be put at risk.

But experts say untreated decay can be more harmful.

With cravings for treat foods and morning sickness potentially increasing acidity in the mouth, pregnant women can have a higher risk of tooth decay.

Leaving dental problems untreated isn’t just bad for your teeth; it can cause complications in pregnancy.

And while some believe X-rays and anaesthetics are dangerous for those expecting, studies show that’s not the case if used appropriately and with the right precautions.

Read Also: DENTAL RADIOLOGY : Radiographic Techniques for the Pediatric Patient

Youtube / Doctors' Circle - World's Largest Health Platform
Image : Authority Dental