Mostrando entradas con la etiqueta Dental Prevention. Mostrar todas las entradas
Mostrando entradas con la etiqueta Dental Prevention. Mostrar todas las entradas


PREVENTION : Why are Fluoride Treatments Important for Kids?


Fluoride is a mineral compound containing fluorine, a naturally occurring element.

It helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid and plaque and strengthens the enamel by replacing nutrients.

While small amounts of fluoride are found in many toothpastes, rinses and city water sources, the fluoride treatments used in our dental office are much more concentrated.

Studies have shown that children who receive regular fluoride treatments, once every 6 months, may have up to 40% fewer cavities than those who do not.

Fluoride treatment is easy and affordable. Dr. Kailes recommends topical fluoride varnish treatments for all children every 6 months.

Read Also: Fluoride varnish in primary dentition positively affects caries prevention

Fluoride varnish is much easier and more enjoyable than traditional fluoride rinses, foams and trays; and does not require any waiting to eat or drink afterwards.

After teeth are cleaned, the assistant will quickly paint the varnish on the teeth. When it comes in contact with the tooth, it spreads across the entire tooth surface and is absorbed over the next 24 hours.

Youtube / GrowingHealthySmiles


Fluoride Varnish in the Prevention of Dental Caries in Children and Adolescents

Fluoride Varnish

First developed and marketed in the 1960s in the form of sodium fluoride (Duraphat, Colgate, New York, N.Y.) and in the 1970s in the form of silane fluoride (Fluor Protector, Ivoclar Vivadent, Lichtenstein, Germany), fluoride varnishes prolong contact between fluoride and enamel.

The effectiveness, ease of application and relative safety of these products offer significant advantages over other topical fluoride treatments, such as gels and rinses.

Several reviews of the use of fluoride therapies in preventing dental caries have been published since the year 2000, including 2 evidence-based reports.

The Cochrane reviews of this topic concluded that “Fluoride varnishes applied professionally two to four times a year would substantially reduce tooth decay in children.

Read Also: TOOTH DECAY: How to prevent baby bottle tooth decay

The review of trials found that fluoride varnish can substantially reduce tooth decay in both milk teeth and permanent teeth. However, more rigorous research is needed to be sure of how big a difference the treatment makes, and to study acceptability and adverse effects.”

The Community Dental Health Services Research Unit of the University of Toronto18 concluded that “Both APF [acidulated phosphate fluoride] gel and fluoride varnish are efficacious and can be recommended.

Amir Azarpazhooh / Patricia A. Main


How to Apply: Clinpro Sealant


Brushing and flossing are the best ways to help prevent cavities, but it’s not always easy to clean every nook and cranny of your teeth – especially those back teeth you use to chew (called molars).

Molars are rough, uneven and a favorite place for leftover food and cavity-causing bacteria to hide.

Still, there’s another safety net to help keep those teeth clean.

It’s called a sealant, and it is a thin, protective coating (made from plastic or other dental materials) that adheres to the chewing surface of your back teeth.

Read Also: Dental Considerations In Pregnancy

They’re no substitute for brushing and flossing, but they can keep cavities from forming and may even stop early stages of decay from becoming a full-blown cavity.

Youtube / 3M Oral Care


PREVENTION : Dental Sealants Procedure


A dental sealant is a thin plastic coating (clear or white) that's bonded into the pits and grooves of a tooth. (Dentists formally refer to them as "pit and fissure" sealants.)

They're most frequently placed on the chewing surface of teeth (where most of a tooth's grooves lie).

But they can also extend onto their cheek or tongue sides too (either as a continuous or separate piece) depending on what additional pits and fissures are found there.

Sealants help to protect teeth from the formation of tooth decay. Sealants are considered a preventive measure, not a corrective one (like placing a filling).

The most predictable sealants are those that are placed before any sign of a cavity has had a chance to form.

For this reason, once a tooth has been identified as a candidate, it's a good idea to have it sealed as soon as is reasonably convenient.

Read Also: PERIODONTICS : Gingivitis in Children and Adolescents

Even if vague signs of cavity formation have started to appear ("incipient" decay), a dentist may determine that it's still acceptable that a sealant can be placed.

This simply needs to be determined on a case-by-case basis.

Youtube / Hygiene Edge

PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY : White spots on enamel : treatment

spots enamel

The presence of clinically detectable, localized areas of enamel demineralization, observed as white spot lesions of different opacity, is a sign that the caries process has begun.

Dental caries results in the dissolution of apatite crystals and the loss of calcium, phosphate and other ions, which eventually leads to demineralization of the tooth substrate.

The subsurface porosity caused by demineralization gives the lesion a milky appearance that can be found on the smooth surfaces of teeth.

White spot lesions are not only the result of demineralization, however, as fluorosis, hypomineralization/hypomaturation and hypoplasia can also cause lesions.

Dental professionals are charged with performing a differential diagnosis to determine the etiology of white spot lesions, as well as providing appropriate treatment and esthetic management that will meet patients’ expectations.

Read Also: Dental Considerations In Pregnancy

While fluoride remains an important factor in the prevention and management of dental caries, widespread exposure from different sources has increased the risk of fluorosis in communities, regardless of whether or not the community uses a fluoridated water supply.

Youtube / Anthony Atlan


PREVENTION : Use of Fluorides in Caries Prevention


Fluorides are found naturally throughout the world.

They are present to some extent in all food and water so that all humans ingest some fluoride on a daily basis.

In addition, fluorides are used by communities as a public health measure to adjust the concentration of fluoride in drinking water to an optimum level (water fluoridation); by individuals in the form of toothpastes, rinses, lozenges, chewable tablets, drops; and by the dental profession in the professional application of gels, foams and varnishes.

The availability of fluorides from a variety of sources must be taken into account before embarking on a specific course of fluoride delivery to either populations or individual patients.

You may also like : PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY : Pulp therapy and primary tooth pulpotomy

This is particularly important for children under the age of six, where exposure to more fluoride than is required to simply prevent dental caries can cause dental fluorosis.

Provided that the total daily intake of fluoride is carefully monitored, fluoride is considered to be a most important health measure in maintaining oral health.

Youtube / Dr Teeth


Can one go for dental X rays during pregnancy?

Many pregnant women avoid the dentist, fearing their baby could be put at risk.

But experts say untreated decay can be more harmful.

With cravings for treat foods and morning sickness potentially increasing acidity in the mouth, pregnant women can have a higher risk of tooth decay.

Leaving dental problems untreated isn’t just bad for your teeth; it can cause complications in pregnancy.

And while some believe X-rays and anaesthetics are dangerous for those expecting, studies show that’s not the case if used appropriately and with the right precautions.

Read Also: DENTAL RADIOLOGY : Radiographic Techniques for the Pediatric Patient

Youtube / Doctors' Circle - World's Largest Health Platform
Image : Authority Dental


Fluoride varnish in primary dentition positively affects caries prevention


Whereas caries in adults and adolescents in Germany is declining, research has found that about 14 per cent of 3-year-olds in the country have cavities in their primary dentition.

According to a report by the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG), fluoride varnish is effective in remineralisation of the tooth surface and prevents the development and progression of caries.

Permanent teeth may be affected by caries at an early stage in the case of caries-affected primary teeth, as the enamel has not yet fully hardened.

Because oral hygiene and caries prevention can be challenging in young children, the use of fluoride varnish can be beneficial.

For this reason, the IQWiG researchers investigated whether the application of fluoride varnish to primary dentition has advantages in comparison with standard care without fluoride application by comparing the findings of 15 randomised controlled trials.

Read Also: PERIODONTICS : Guidelines for periodontal screening and management of children

In these, a total of 5,002 children were treated with fluoride varnish, and 4,705 children received no such treatment, being the control group.

Children aged up to 6 years with or without caries of their primary teeth were included in the research.

In several of the studies, further measures for caries prevention in addition to the application of fluoride varnish were offered. These included training on oral hygiene, instruction on the correct toothbrushing technique, and the provision of toothbrushes and fluoridated toothpaste. The follow-up observation period was mostly two years.

The development of caries was investigated in all 15 studies; side-effects were investigated in nearly all of the studies. However, owing to a lack of conclusive data, it is unclear whether fluoride application also has advantages regarding further patient-relevant outcomes, such as tooth preservation, toothache or dental abscesses. There was no data on oral health-related quality of life.

A clear advantage of fluoride varnish was determined despite the very heterogeneous study results. After the application of fluoride varnish, caries in primary teeth was less frequent.

More precisely, the fluoride treatment could completely prevent caries in approximately every tenth child and would at least reduce progression of caries in further children. Apparently, whether the children already had caries or whether their teeth were completely intact made no difference regarding the benefit of fluoride varnish application.

The report, titled “Assessment of the application of fluoride varnish on milk teeth to prevent the development and progression of initial caries or new carious lesions”, was published online by IQWiG on 26 April 2018.


How to Apply Fluoride Varnish


Fluoride varnish is a dental treatment that can help prevent tooth decay, slow it down, or stop it from getting worse.

Fluoride varnish is made with fluoride, a mineral that can strengthen tooth enamel (outer coating on teeth).

Fluoride varnish is safe and used by dentists and doctors all over the world to help prevent tooth decay in children.

Only a small amount is used, and hardly any fluoride is swallowed. It is quickly applied and hardens. Then it is brushed off after 4 to 12 hours. Some brands of fluoride varnish make teeth look yellow.

Other brands make teeth look dull. However, the color of your child's teeth will return to normal after the fluoride varnish is brushed off. Most children like the taste.

Read Also: PERIODONTICS : Gingivitis in Children and Adolescents

Fluoride varnish is painted on the top and sides of each tooth with a small brush. It is sticky but hardens once it comes in contact with saliva. Your child may feel the hardened varnish with his tongue but will not be able to lick the varnish off.

It does not hurt when the varnish is applied. However, young children may still cry before or during the procedure. Fortunately, brushing on the varnish takes only a few minutes. Also, applying the varnish may be easier when a child is crying because his mouth will be slightly open.

Youtube / Jennifer Suminski

Tips for Preventing Baby Bottle Tooth Decay


Even though they are temporary, your child's baby teeth are important, and are still susceptible to cavities.

Tooth decay in infants and toddlers is often referred to as Baby Bottle Tooth Decay, or Early Childhood Caries. Children need strong, healthy teeth to chew their food, speak and have a good-looking smile.

Their first teeth also help make sure their adult teeth come in correctly. It’s important to start infants off with good oral care to help protect their teeth for decades to come.

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay most often occurs in the upper front teeth, but other teeth may also be affected.

There are many factors which can cause tooth decay. One common cause is the frequent, prolonged exposure of the baby’s teeth to drinks that contain sugar.

Read Also: What is Early Childhood Caries ?

Tooth decay can occur when the baby is put to bed with a bottle, or when a bottle is used as a pacifier for a fussy baby.

Tooth decay is a disease that can begin with cavity-causing bacteria being passed from the mother (or primary caregiver) to the infant. These bacteria are passed through the saliva.

Youtube / Nicklaus Children's Hospital


Space maintainers application, indication and complications

Pediatric Dentistry

Under normal physiological conditions, the child loses his primary teeth and they are replaced by well-fitting normal teeth.

However, the dentation may be disrupted due to certain pathological conditions such as teeth caries, trauma, abnormal resorption, or systemic diseases leading to premature loss of dentition.

This results in migration of the existing teeth and loss of arch space which subsequently lead to impairment of the normal configuration of the newly developing permanent teeth.

The most common impairment in permanent dentition configuration include crowing, supra-eruption of the opposing dentition, and impaction.

To avoid these dental conditions, a space maintainer is indicated to keep an adequate space for the newly developing teeth to erupt and exfoliate naturally in a well-aligned position.

Read Also: ORTHODONTICS : Childrens Crooked Teeth - Tongue Thrusting

Under normal physiological condition, the primitive teeth are considered the normal space maintainers for the permanent teeth to exfoliate.

In conditions where the primitive teeth are prematurely lost, an artificial space maintainer is necessary for normal exfoliation of normal teeth.

In this article, types and application of space maintainers will be reviewed, and the indications and complications will be discussed.


°International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health
°Mohammed Albati / Riham Showlag / Alaa Akili / Halah Hanafiyyah / Hanadi AlNashri / Waad Aladwani / Ghaida Alfarsi / Mashael Alharbi / Abdulrahman Almutairi


Can poor ORAL HYGIENE affect your newborn's health ?

Oral Hygiene

Bacteria from a mother's mouth can be transmitted through the blood and amniotic fluid in the womb to her unborn child.

This could contribute to the risk of a premature delivery, a low birth-weight baby, premature onset of contractions, or infection of the newborn child.

This evidence could have an important implication for women and babies' heath since simple improvement of dental hygiene may help to reduce the incidence of unknown complications in pregnancy and newborn babies.

But you aren't doomed to have dental problems when you're pregnant.

Keeping your mouth healthy before and during your pregnancy will improve your chances of having a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby. And if you have a healthy mouth, it's more likely that your baby will as well.

Read Also: ORAL HEALTH : How Can Dental Health Affect Pregnancy?

Youtube / ldapc


ORAL HEALTH and Pregnancy

Oral Health

Taking care of your teeth and gums is very important when you are pregnant.

During pregnancy, your hormones change; this can affect your oral health and your risk of gum and bone disease.

Keeping your teeth and mouth healthy can decrease your risk of having a pre-term delivery or a low birth-weight baby.

Schedule a checkup in your first trimester to have your teeth cleaned and your oral health checked.

Diet choices
To keep your teeth strong and healthy during pregnancy, follow Canada's Food Guide for healthy diet choices. Make sure the food you eat includes enough:

a. calcium
b. vitamin A
c. vitamin C
d. vitamin D
e. protein, and
f. phosphorous

During pregnancy, you have different nutrient needs. Make sure to take a daily multivitamin that has 0.4 milligrams (mg) of folic acid and 16 to 20 mg of iron.

Read Also: What Is Baby Bottle Tooth Decay?

Include calcium in your diet
Calcium is an important part of your diet. Your growing baby needs it for strong bones and teeth. If your diet is low in calcium, your body will take it from your own bones and teeth for your baby.

Make sure to eat enough foods high in calcium, like dairy products, and take a calcium supplement if necessary. That way, both you and your baby will have enough of this mineral without putting your bones and teeth at risk.

Choose healthy snacks
You can eat healthy snacks in-between meals to meet your daily nutritional needs. Just try to avoid soft, sweet and sticky snacks that are high in carbohydrates and sugar.

Some ideas for healthy snacks are found in Pregnancy and Healthy Eating. Remember to clean your teeth after eating to prevent cavities.

Health risks
If you have good oral health, you can prevent a number of risks to you and your baby. Pregnant mothers with poor oral health have a risk of:

delivering a pre-term baby
delivering a baby with a low birth weight
having pre-eclampsia (pregnancy hypertension)

Babies who are pre-term or have low birth weight have a higher risk of:

developmental complications
ear infections
birth abnormalities
behavioural difficulties
infant death

If you have any questions about your oral health, schedule an appointment with your oral health professional in your first trimester.

Bleeding gums
Your hormones change during pregnancy, and this can affect your gums. They may be more sensitive and they might bleed easily.

Pregnancy gingivitis
Anytime between the third and ninth month of pregnancy, you may experience "pregnancy gingivitis." Pregnancy gingivitis is when your gums are swollen, red or irritated from bacteria along the gum line. Your gums are sensitive because your estrogen and progesterone hormones have increased.

Make sure to brush your teeth at least twice a day with a soft toothbrush using fluoride toothpaste. Gently clean your teeth at the gum line, where gum disease starts. Don't forget to floss!

Visit your oral health care provider for checkups during pregnancy, because sometimes gingivitis can turn into periodontitis. Most of the time, gum problems will disappear after childbirth. If they continue, contact your oral health professional.

Morning sickness and oral health
If you vomit from morning sickness, take care to rinse your mouth with water or a fluoride mouth wash. Stomach acid left on the teeth can damage your teeth and cause them to decay. After rinsing your mouth, wait for at least 30 minutes before brushing your teeth.

Visit your oral health professional
Schedule a checkup in your first trimester to have your teeth cleaned and your oral health checked. If you need dental work, like cavity fillings, the best time to have it done is between the fourth and sixth month of your pregnancy (the second trimester).

It is a good idea to avoid X-rays while you are pregnant. X-rays of your mouth should only be taken in an emergency. If you need an X-ray, make sure you are covered with a lead apron to protect your baby from radiation.

Pregnancy & fertility Canada


ORAL HEALTH : How Can Dental Health Affect Pregnancy?

Oral Health

Dental health is more important during pregnancy than ever.

Learn about oral health and how prenatal tooth decay, bleeding gums, and gum disease can affect your baby before and after birth. Pregnant women are more prone to tooth decay (dental caries), bleeding gums, and chronic gum infection (periodontal disease).

Poor dental health not only affects you, but can also have an impact on your baby.

Studies have linked infection of the gums in pregnant women to premature birth, and if a woman has ongoing tooth decay after the birth, her baby may acquire bacteria directly from her saliva, leading to tooth decay in the child later on.

It's therefore important that you take care of your teeth during pregnancy and visit your dentist and dental hygienist regularly.

Read Also: Dental Considerations In Pregnancy

To keep your mouth healthy during pregnancy, brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and floss every day.

Routine dental treatment and some local anesthetics are safe in pregnancy, although it's better to postpone elective dental treatments until after pregnancy or take care of them before pregnancy.

Many women worry about having their teeth x-rayed in pregnancy. The radiation exposure from dental X-rays is minimal and the risk to your baby probably negligible. However, dentists will take every precaution to minimize your radiation exposure, covering you with a leaded apron before the X-rays.

Youtube / Northridge Cosmetic and Family Dentist


ORAL HEALTH : When Should A Pregnant Mom See The Dentist?

Oral Health

Is it important to go to the dentist during your pregnancy? Absolutely.

Progesterone hormone levels are on the rise during pregnancy, which can cause your gums to have a weird response to plaque bacteria—a lot more plaque buildup than normal.

This buildup can make your gums puffy and red, and may even cause bleeding when you brush and floss.

Taking extra care of your teeth at home and having frequent cleanings at your dentist’s office will help control plaque buildup and also control the inflammation in your gums.

If left untreated, plaque buildup and gum inflammation can cause a dental infection, which is particularly scary during pregnancy—some studies link a mom’s poor dental care to premature births and problems with baby’s development.

Read Also: ORAL HEALTH : Tongue tie

So it’s crucial to take extra care of your teeth at home and go for frequent dental visits.

Follow the recommended schedule your dentist gives you for cleaning and exams (usually every six months), and prepare to come in more often if your dentist sees that your gums are trapping more food and bacteria than usual.

Youtube / DrLongVo


What is Fluoride Varnish?

Fluoride varnish is a treatment that dentists use to help protect teeth from sensitivity and cavities.

The varnish contains five percent sodium fluoride and, for application, it is painted directly on the teeth.

Fluoride varnish is commonly used on children because of its ability to help protect from cavities, an issue most prominent in children.

When used in congruence with everyday tooth brushing, fluoride varnish can also help reduce tooth decay.

After the varnish is applied onto the teeth by a dentist or professional health care provider, it should stay on the teeth for an extended period, several hours.

Read Also : DENTAL HEALTH : Teaching Kids About the Causes and Effects of Cavities

After that time, usually the next day, the fluoride varnish can be brushed off with a tooth brush and some fluoride toothpaste.

Youtube / StoneWater Dentistry