4/04/2020

Inhalation conscious sedation with nitrous oxide/oxygen in pediatric dentistry

Sedation

Conscious sedation is a technique in which one or more pharmacological agents are employed to produce a mild depression in the central nervous system, without loss of consciousness so that verbal contact can always be maintained with the patient; this allows for certain dental procedures to be performed.

The technique is associated with a great margin of safety.

In Odontopediatrics, the sedative agents generally employed are nitrous oxide (N2O) and benzodiazepines, amongst other agents with sedative properties.



The use of nitrous oxide/oxygen (N2O) is becoming more frequent for general and pediatric procedures in dental medicine and has become common practice in many countries.

Read Also: ORAL SURGERY : Guideline on Pediatric Oral Surgery

It is also frequently used in general pediatric medicine for procedures ranging from minor surgery to more invasive diagnostic procedures.

Nitrous oxide, or protoxide of nitrogen (N2O), is a colorless gas with a sweetish taste. It has an anxiolytic and sedative effect, and also promotes muscular relaxation and analgesia.

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° Ana Catarina Barroso Macedo Barbosa / Joana Moura˜oII, Virgınia Milagre / David Casimiro de Andrade / Cristina Areias




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