Malocclusion is when a child’s teeth become crooked or crowded. The child may also have a problem with his or her bite.
That means the teeth of the upper jaw don’t meet normally with the teeth of the lower jaw when the jaw is closed. Malocclusion can sometimes be caused by an injury to the jaw.
But it’s often the result of many different things.
It may be from genes, the environment, or both. Malocclusion can develop as a child grows. Children who suck their thumbs or fingers after age 5 have a greater chance of developing malocclusion.
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Children with a very small space between their baby teeth are at risk too. They may have problems with malocclusion when their permanent teeth come in. This is because the permanent teeth are larger and need more space.
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