Dental Management of Ectodermal Dysplasia: Two Clinical Case Reports

Oral Rehabilitation

Ectodermal dysplasia is a hereditary disorder associated with abnormal development of embryonic ectodermally-derived organs including teeth, nails, hair and sweat glands.

Hypodontia of the primary and permanent dentition is the most com-mon oral finding.

Therefore, affected patients need dental prosthetic treatments during their developmental years. This re-port presents two cases of children affected by ectodermal dysplasia with anodontia.

Oral rehabilitation was accomplished with removable acrylic prostheses. Treatment had major impacts on self-esteem, masticatory function, speech and facial esthetic.

Introduction : Hereditary ectodermal dysplasia represents a large group of conditions in which two or more ectodermally-derived anatomic structures fail to develop.

Read Also: Management of Facial Space Infection in a 9-Year-Old Child - A Case Report

Patients with ectodermal dysplasia are characterized by hypoplasia or aplasia of structures such as skin, hair, nails, teeth, nerve cells, sweat glands, parts of the eye and ear and other organs.

Ectodermal dysplasia might be inherited in any form of several genetic patterns including autosomal-dominant, autosomal-recessive, and X-linked modes.


° Somayeh Hekmatfar / Karim Jafari / Raziyeh Meshki and Samaneh Badakhsh - Dental Management of Ectodermal Dysplasia: Two Clinical Case Reports

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