The estimated prevalence of oral mucosal lesions is 8%–60% in the general population. In children and adolescents, it increases with age.
The causes can be infectious, hereditary, malignant, idiopathic, or iatrogenic in nature. The four main lesions found are canker sores, traumatic lesions, herpes, and lingual lesions.
In addition, certain systemic pathologies (inflammatory diseases of the colon and intestines, IBD, hemopathies, and diabetes) may also have oral manifestations.
The presence of intraoral material during orthodontic treatment is associated with a greater risk of traumatic or reactive lesions18. These are either treatment-induced or of allergic origin.
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The diagnosis of oral mucosal pathologies is based on a rigorous approach including a thorough anamnesis, clinical examination with the search for elementary lesions, and additional examinations.
Through regular check-up appointments during orthodontic treatment, the practitioner is able to detect the appearance of lesions, to monitor their evolution, and to manage them if necessary.
° L. Sicard / L. Benmoussa / N. Moreau / B. Salmon / A.-L. Ejeil