Dental caries is a multifactorial disease that has many contributing factors, including biological, genetic, socioeconomic, cultural, and environmental issues.
It is the most common childhood disease and is five times more prevalent than asthma and seven times as common as hay fever.
Preservation of a healthy set of natural teeth for each patient should be the objective of every dentist.
Conservative dentistry, a treatment procedure wherein a minimum of healthy tooth structure is removed along with a decayed portion during the restorative process, is inherently a desirable dental objective.
Minimally invasive dentistry (MID), has developed a new approach for addressing dental decay through minimally invasive technique and the preservation of tooth.
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It is a conservative philosophy that reduces restorative procedure time, pain and stress, and results in decreased patient anxiety.
It is a dental care concept based on the assessment of a patient’s caries risk and the application of the current therapies to prevent, control and treat the disease. It is often referred to as treating dental caries with a biologic, therapeutic, or medical model.
International Journal of Contemporary Dental and Medical Reviews
Poonam Bhatiya / Nilima Thosar