Childhood is the period of life’s greatest physical,psychological and emotional growth; the child we see todayis no longer the same tomorrow.
The child patient presents achallenge to the dentist, who must solve the problems of todaywith an eye to the future and dental health of an adult.Diagnosis is a process by which the practitionerdistinguishes one disease from another, differentiatesbetween normal and abnormal, and determines the etiologyof abnormal conditions (Forrester).
Accurate diagnosis canonly be achieved by systematic and methodical collectionof data. The present article illustrates the various diagnosticaids that can be used clinically in pediatric dentistry fordetection and evaluation of commonly seen dental diseases.
The various diagnostic aids can be categorized as:
• Routine diagnostic aids
• Specialized diagnostic aids
• Advanced diagnostic aids.
Routine diagnostic aids: The clinical intraoral examinationis performed systematically in a clean, dry, well-illuminatedmouth using the mouth mirror, explorer and periodontalprobe.
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Specialized diagnostic aids: These are used for the diagnosisof specific dental problems like detection of dental caries,pulpal diseases and orthodontic problems.
DIAGNOSIS OF DENTAL CARIES : Dental caries is a chronic disease that involves destructionof tooth structure, which can lead to loss of masticatory function and unesthetic appearance of affected enamel.
Gopakumar R / Manju Gopakumar