What to expect inside the mouth
In order to recognise abnormal oral health in children, it is important to understand the normal pattern of tooth development and appearance of the mouth.
Anatomy of the tooth
Teeth begin to develop from approximately the sixth week in utero.
As the child grows, twenty primary (deciduous) teeth form, erupt and shed and are replaced by 32 permanent teeth.
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Tooth development is influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Each tooth has roots in the alveolar bone of the maxilla or mandible with a visible crown that emerges from the gingiva.