Human dentitions are subject to considerable variation in size, form, number of teeth and to the structure of the dental tissues.
Disorders of the development of teeth may be inheritedor acquired.
The primary dentition begins to form at approximately six weeks in utero and the permanent dentition continues through late adolescence.
The dentition is thereforesusceptible to environmental influencesfor many years.
Diagnosing abnormal dental development requires thorough evaluation of the patient, including a medical, dental and family history, clinical examination, and radiographic evaluation and, in some cases, special laboratory tests are also required.
► Read Also: ORTHODONTIC : Malocclusion in Down syndrome - a review
Genetic consultation is important not merely to put a name to the condition, but also to give appropriate advice on the prognosis and the risk of recurrence in future generations.
It is impossible, in the context of this article, to describe in detail all dental anomalies that occur in children.
Jinous F Tahmassebi / Peter F Day / Kyriacos Jack Toumba