Assessment and treatment of pain in pediatric patients

Pediatric patients experience pain which is more difficult to assess and treat relatively to adults.

Evidence demonstrates that controlling pain in the pediatrics age period is beneficial, improving physiologic, behavioral, and hormonal outcomes.

Multiple validated scoring systems exist to assess pain in pediatrics; however, there is no standardized or universal approach for pain management.

Healthcare facilities should establish pediatrics pain control program. This review summaries a collection of pain assessment tools and management practices in different facilities.

This systematic approach should decrease pediatric pain and poor outcomes as well as improve provider and parent satisfaction.

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According to the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) Pain is “an un-pleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual and potential tissue damage”.

Pain has also been defined as “existing whenever they say it does rather than whatever the experiencing person says”.


Halefom Kahsay
Review Article - Current Pediatric Research (2017) Volume 21, Issue 1

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