The human brain consists of millions of neurons, their extensions, and the supportive tissues found between those neurons.
All brain cells have the ability to produce electrical currents and conduct them to other cells.
It is by transmitting such electrical signals that the brain functions.
In other words, it is the conduction of these electrical currents that enables us to act, to speak and to feel.
Seizures can be defined as the discontinuity of normal brain functions due to sudden electrical discharges which may be either excessive or inadequate; these result in episodic convulsions (such as involuntary motion), disturbances in perception, or alterations in consciousness.
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Epilepsy is a disease that involves seizures which are characterized by an alteration of perception, behavior and mental activities, as well as by involuntary muscle contractions, temporary loss of consciousness and chronic changes in neurological functions that result from abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
Epileptic seizures are reversible and recur frequently.
For centuries epilepsy was thought to be a disease related to the supernatural. Although Hippocrates claimed that epilepsy is a naturally occurring disease, the misbelieve that the cause of epilepsy was supernatural was common until the neuropathologic origin of epilepsy was reported in the 19th century.
Yaltırık Mehmet / Özer Senem / Tonguç Sülün / Kocaelli Hümeyra