Pregnancy induces various changes to a mother’s body including the oral cavity.
Pregnant women develop physical signs and symptoms that can affect their health, their perceptions and interactions with others and they may require various levels of support including medical monitoring, preventive care, and physical and emotional help
The collective systemic changes that occur in the cardiovascular, haematologic, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, endocrine, and genito-urinary systems pose various challenges when providing dental care for pregnant patients with dental management requiring special attention.
Dentists need to have a good understanding of the physiological changes of the body, the effects of any dental radiation and of the medications which are used in dentistry for pregnant women and lactating mothers.
Delayed elective procedures and alterations to treatment planning may be necessary.
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The developing foetus has been shown to be susceptible to the effects of radiation, particularly during the first 2 to 18 weeks of development.
The level of radiation will determine the damage that may result in miscarriages, birth defects or mental impairment. However, dental radiation exposure of the foetus is negligible.