PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY : Diagnostic aids in pediatric dentistry


Chilhood is the period of life´s greatest physical, psychological and emotional growth, the child we see today is no longer the same tomorrow.

The child patient presents a challengue to the dentist, who must solve the problems of today with an eye ti the future and dental health of an adult.

Diagnosis is a process by which the practitioner distinguishes one disease from another, differentiates between normal and abnormal, and determines the etiology of abnormal conditions (Forrester).

Accurate diagnosis can only be achieved by systematic and methodical collection of data.

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The present article illustrates the various diagnostic aids thet can be used clinically in pediatric dentistry for detection and evaluation of commonly seen dental diseases.

The various diagnostic aids can be categorized as:

1. Routine diagnostic aids

2. Specialized diagnostic aids.

3. Advanced dagnostic aids.

Routine diagnostic aids: The clinical intraoral examination is performed systematically in a clean, dry, well-illuminated mouth using the mouth mirror, explorer and periodontal probe.

Specialized diagnostic aids: These are used for the diagnosis of specific dental problems like detection of dental caries, pulpal diseases and orthodontic problems.


° Gopakumar. R. / Manju Gompakumar